It is the most suitable food source for the baby, produced in the mother’s body throughout pregnancy until birth. The blood vessels carry the nutrients necessary for the formation of milk to the vesicles. The most basic substance in the formation of milk is the hormone prolactin secreted from the mother’s brain. This hormone ensures the production of milk in the milk sacs. With another hormone called oxytocin, the vesicles contract, and the milk in them flows into the channels. It accumulates in the pool under the brown part of the chest. Breast milk is sterile to a degree and consistency that can be given under all conditions. 88% is water.
What are the Benefits of Breast Milk?
The first yellow milk, which comes immediately after birth, is very beneficial for the baby. Because the protein named whey in it gives the baby immunity against infections and diseases, it is like a natural vaccine for the baby. It protects against allergies and diaper rash. If the baby is breastfed in an appropriate position during breastfeeding, otitis media is less common. It quenches the baby’s thirst even in hot weather. Protects the mother’s health. It reduces the risk of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and osteoporosis. It helps to restore the mother’s uterus and protects it from excessive blood loss. In short, breast milk is the only food that carries all the values needed for the growth, development, and nutrition of the baby.
Considerations While Giving Breast Milk
Breastfeeding should be started within the first hour of birth, and nothing should be given before or after that. Otherwise, if breast milk is not enough for the first few days after birth, follow-on milk can be supported with a bottle.
It is normal for the baby to breastfeed 8-12 times a day and then reduce the number to 6-8. It is important for babies to be fed only breast milk from birth until they are six months old. Every time the baby starts to cry, it should be breastfed. Breastfeeding should be continued by waking up every 2 hours during night sleep.
The mother should not diet but should take care not to overeat floury, fatty, and sugary foods. During this period, the mother should stay away from beverages such as tea and coffee and supplement with sherbet, ayran, sherbet, honey, and sugary fruits.
If the baby urinates seven times a day on average, if the baby’s weight increases by at least 500 grams in the first six months, it means that breast milk has been given in sufficient quantity. At the end of 6 months, complementary food should be given, and it should be continued for at least two years. In order to increase the amount of breast milk, it will be sufficient to consume fruit juices, plenty of water, a balanced diet, and continuous breastfeeding.