Anesthesia is the medical treatment or intervention performed to eliminate the patient’s sense of pain in surgical procedures. If we need to open it as a word, the suffix -an means negativity and, the suffix -esthesimus means sensation, senselessness means insensibility. When the anesthesia is integrated, numbness means insensitivity. Anesthesia has its sub-branches. For example, the same type of anesthesia is not applied to a cyst surgery on the finger and a bypass surgery in cardiovascular surgery.
Let’s come to anesthesia methods;
- General anesthesia
- Regional anesthesia
- Local anesthesia
As in the example, a cyst surgery on the finger is local, while the bypass surgery in cardiovascular surgery is performed under general anesthesia.
How Is Anesthesia Performed?
We can liken anesthesia to the flight of an airplane, just as we want a comfortable takeoff when taking off and a comfortable landing and minimum error margin when landing. In anesthesia, we want a patient to have zero error and a night of comfortable sleep and wake up. Therefore, choosing the appropriate anesthesia method for each operation is necessary. When a patient comes to surgery, some rules or routines should be asked first.
The most important rule for a patient to be taken into surgery should be asking about the patient’s hunger. This risk increases even more if the patient is operated on under general anesthesia. Then, additional diseases, blood examination, allergic history, if he has had surgery before, if he has had any problems, if there is anything metal on me, if there is a denture, we ask him to remove it, we should not forget to ask if there is smoking and alcohol use. For example, if a patient with high blood pressure has not taken blood pressure medication, this patient is evaluated in terms of the urgency of the surgery. If it is not urgent, blood pressure medication should be started and left for later. If it is urgent, blood pressure-lowering drugs should be given to the patient.
What Should Be Considered During Anesthesia?
If the patient’s blood pressure has increased even more from excitement and the stress of surgery, sedoanelgesia, a method that suppresses the patient’s stress and excitement, should be applied. Simply put, it will be more appropriate and healthy to wait for the blood pressure caused by excitement to decrease by making drugs that calm the patient and to undergo surgery after it falls. As I gave an example, if we want an airplane to land and take off with the least jolt and feel the least jolt after takeoff, in anesthesia, it is desired to put the patient to sleep and wake up most comfortably and with the least anxiety.