In infants and children, the sinuses appear as adults, and ventilation development is completed by 1214. However, they reached their final state at the age of 2224. The sinuses are part of the nasal system that produces normal secretions (mucus). Normally, the nose and sinuses drain about 0.5 liters of mucus daily.
The mucus produced acts on the nasal lining (mucous membrane) to clean and wash away dust particles, bacteria, and other suspended particles. This mucus is then filtered back into the throat and swallowed. Particles and bacteria in it are broken down by stomach acid. Many people are unaware of it as it is a normal physical function. Sinusitis usually occurs when the mucus (snot) produced by the mucous membranes does not flow into the nose. Three main factors cause this.
What Causes Sinusitis?
There can be many reasons for the formation of sinusitis. In general, the causes of sinusitis are formed by a combination of personal and environmental factors. The virus is the most common cause of acute sinusitis, and the condition often tends to be self-limiting. About 90% of people with a cold have signs and symptoms of sinusitis. People with allergies are classified as atopy.
Sinusitis attacks can often occur with atopic dermatitis. Environmental factors such as air pollution, pet sebum, cigarette smoke, and dust are these individuals’ main causes of sinusitis. Allergies also cause the development of chronic sinusitis. Sinusitis means inflammation of the sinuses and is a condition that can affect anyone.
Some diseases and various conditions may predispose to the development of sinusitis. The structure of the wall in the middle of the nose is called the septum. If the septum is tilted to the right or left, it is called the septal curve. In people with nasal septum deviation, blocking the passage of air from one side of the nose creates a closed environment that can encourage the growth of microorganisms.
How Is Sinusitis Diagnosed?
Acute sinusitis is a disease that can be diagnosed primarily by clinical symptoms. The most important factor in determining whether antibiotics are included in the treatment plan is the signs and symptoms of a person with acute sinusitis, and the use of a viral or bacterial agent in the subsequent physical examination by the doctor.
Surgical interventions can be used for chronic sinusitis that does not respond positively to treatment. With surgical interventions, it is possible to widen the sinuses and improve their drainage. These surgeries are performed endoscopically (using the closure method) to ensure proper ventilation of the sinuses and relieve congestion.